Wiesława (Violka) Radmacher, PhD

Position: Assistant Professor, Biogeosystem Modelling Group (BIOGEO) 

Address: Instytut Nauk Geologicznych Polskiej Akademii Nauk 
Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences
Ośrodek Badawczy w Krakowie - Research Centre in Cracow
Senacka 1, 31-002 Kraków, POLAND

Phone office:   +48 12 3705 255
E-mail:  w.radmacher@ingpan.krakow.pl

 

 

Scientific interests: Marine palynology, Dinoflagellate cysts, Palynostratigraphy, Palaeoclimate reconstructions

I have a passion for discoveries of past geological events connected to palaeoclimatic temperature extremes. My scientific activity is focused on palynological record from sediments deposited during the Late Cretaceous (~100.5 ma) and the Pleistocene (~129 ka) recovered from industrial and scientific cores and natural outcrops in sub/Arctic and near-equatorial regions. I use tiny resting capsules of dinoflagellates, single-celled marine organisms, that create chemically generated light, causing ocean waves to sparkle at night. The capsules, so called ‘resting cysts’, produced during their life cycle in surface waters, settle to oceanic depths and preserve in the accumulating sediment for million years. In addition to their conventional, biostratigraphic and palaeoenvironmental application (e.g. Radmacher et al., 2015; Radmacher et al., 2020c) I am highly interested in unconventional approach of using these microscopic fossils. I have already complied this method with numerical model simulations to provide global palaeoceanographic reconstruction (Radmacher et al., 2020a); and with trace fossil record to establish past basin bottom-water oxygen level (Radmacher and Uchman, 2020b). Currently I am working on correlation of dinoflagellate cyst record from ODP cores 984 and 986 (Ocean Drilling Program Expedition Leg 162) with global events known from analysis of air bubbles in Antarctic ice cores. 

 

ACADEMIC DEGREES:

2015: International co-operative PhD study at the Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geological Sciences, Krakow, Poland and the University of Bergen, Institute of Earth Sciences, Norway. Specialisation: Cretaceous scientific and industrial application of palynostratigraphy, and palaeoenvironmental reconstructions in the subpolar northern-north proto Atlantic. The study were conducted in collaboration with: SINTEF, one of Europe’s largest independent research organisations responsible for applied research, technology and innovation, located in Trondheim, Norway; Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, Norwegian government agency responsible for the regulation of the petroleum resources on the Norwegian continental shelf, based in Stavanger; Statoil ASA (presently Equinor ASA) multinational petroleum and renewable energy company based in Stavanger, Norway; and APT-Applied Petroleum Technology, a commercial company that offers high quality analyses and consulting services to the oil industry, Kjeller, Norway.

2008: Post Graduate Diploma in Geophysics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland. Specialisation: applied geophysics, focusing on seismic research methodologies of the location of fossil fuels as well as archaeological artefacts.

2005: M.Sc. in Geology, Jagiellonian University, Institute of Geological Sciences, Krakow, Poland. Specialisation: combining ichnological and micropalaeontological methods in reconstruction of palaeoenvironmental conditions, in Jurassic Krížna Unit, Tatra Mountains.

 

CURRENT INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION

From 2019: Pilot Quaternary palaeoceanographic research in the sub/Arctic regions (ODP Sites 984 and 986, Ocean Drilling Program Expedition, ‘Arctic Gateway II’ Leg 162) are in progress. Aims of the joint project include studies on regional instabilities of surface water currents, including a brief incursion of the North Atlantic Current competing with a southward shift of the subpolar front at the beginning of the Last Interglacial. This aligns with a sharp warming event detected in North Atlantic deep-ocean sediments and correlates well to other proxies, including marine (e.g., North Atlantic) and continental record (e.g., the Italian Corchia Cave isotope record). Institutions involved in the project include: Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada, Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, India, Alfred Wegener Institute, Germany.

From 2016: Biostratigraphic and palaeoenvironmental research aiming to establish conditions during formation of the Upper Cretaceous sediments in the Panamian Isthmus (Yukatan Peninsula), Negev Region (Israel) and Sidi Ziane section (Algieria). Latest Cretaceous marine record of specific dinoflagellate cyst assemblages from these regions inspired us to use the Earth System Model COSMOS to provide most reliable global scenario for the Earth system response to latest Cretaceous palaeogeographical changes. We decided to test various Panamian Isthmus depths, to decipher the changes in global circulation pattern and followed Arctic Ocean sea-surface salinity. By finding the best match of geological proxies to numerical simulation results we aim to find most probable scenario for the latest Cretaceous palaeoceanography and climate. Institutions involved in this project include: the Centro Univeristario del Norte CUNOR, Cobán  (Gwatemala), Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (Izrael) and University of Zaragoza (Spain).  

 

PROFESSIONAL CAREER:

2019 – present: Adjunct at the Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geological Sciences, Kraków, Poland.

2015-2019: Assistant at the Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geological Sciences, Kraków, Poland.

2014/2015 and 2015/2016: maternity leaves

2009-2015: Joined PhD study at the Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geological Sciences, Kraków, Poland and the University of Bergen, Department of Earth Sciences, Bergen, Norway.

2013: Principal investigator in scientific project on Campanian to Maastrichtian section in Zumaia, northern Spain. The project was conducted in collaboration with the Basque Coast UNESCO Global Geopark and  Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain. Funded by ING PAN (internal award for young scientists). Project title: Dating of the Campanian/Maastrichtian transition at Zumaia section, based on palynological record. Grant no.: 18/2013.

2012-2013: Principal investigator in scientific project conducted at the University of Bergen, Norway, funded by The Research Council of Norway, YGGDRASIL programme. Project title: High-resolution dinoflagellate cyst biostratigraphy and palaeoenvironmental analyses of the Cretaceous succession in the Norwegian Sea area. Grant no: 219379/F11. Only 68 from 262 applications were granted.

2012: Scientific consultant on terrestrial palynology at the international petroleum industry, Conwy, Great Britain.

2011: Principal investigator in scientific project conducted at the Applied and Petroleum Technology company, funded by Foundation for the Development of the Education System, based onco-financing from the Financial MechanismEEA and the Norwegian Financial Mechanism. Project title: Biostratigraphical correlation of five wells in the southwestern Barents Shelf.Grant no.: FSS/2011/V/D3/W/0074/WS/U/0048.

2010-2011: Principal investigator in scientific project conducted at the University of Bergen, Norway, granted by Foundation for the Development of the Education System, based onco-financing from the Financial MechanismEEA and the Norwegian Financial Mechanism. Project title: Taxonomy and biostratigraphy of the uppermost Cretaceous and Palaeogene in the southwestern Barents Sea based on dinoflagellate cysts. Grant no: FSS/2010/II/D3/W/0020. Out of 10 possible points, the project was scored 9.

2010: Statoil (now Equinor ASA) Summer Internship, Stavanger, Norway. Responsibilities: palynostratigraphy and micropalaeontological applications in sediment dating and fossil fuel extractions.

2008-2009: Scientific consultant, GEOKRAK, Poland, Kraków, key responsibilities: detailed elaborations of Polish oil and gas fields; reconstruction of the sedimentary basin to estimate the potential of the coal-beds methane.

2006-2008: Archaeological excavations, PRYNCYPAT. Kraków, Poland. Technical support in the excavation of a site of particular archaeological interest in the Zakrzowiec and Modlnica villiages settlement (Kraków area).

2004-2005: Museum Tour Guide, Museum of Natural History and Aquarium, key responsibilities: conducted tours of the Natural History Museum and Aquarium to paying visitors.

 

AWARDS AND SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITIES:

2020: Honourable nomination by the Scientific Council of ING PAN for the prestigious ‘Stanisław Staszic’ award for outstanding discoveries in the field of geology.

2020: Internal award of the ING PAN for series of scientific publications in the international peer-reviewed journals.

2020: Received funding from the International Cooperation Office of the Polish Academy of Sciences for international meeting on the Last Interglacial at ING PAN (postponed).

2019, GeoHost programm awarded by the Indian government, allowing the attendance in 36th International Geological Congress in New Delhi, India (postponed).

2019: International scholarship awarded by the Government of India to visit Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences (BSIP), Lucknow, India, under INSA-PAS (Indian National Science Academy – Polish Academy of Sciences) bilateral exchange program. This three-week visit included:

  • Individual training on “Quaternary palynological processing techniques” at the BSIP, Lucknow, India, provided by Prof. Martin J. Head from Brock University, Canada;
  • Participation in the “International Workshop on Geological Timescale and Fossil Plankton” at the Shri Jai Narayan Misra PG College; Lucknow, India;
  • Invited lecture given at the and Shri Jai Narayan Misra PG College; Lucknow, India;
  • Invited lecture given at the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, Lucknow, India.

2019: Organisation and participation in international palynological meeting at ING PAN funded by International Cooperation Office of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

2018: Training on palynological preparation techniques funded by ING PAN (internal project), conducted at the British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Great Britain.

2018: Fieldtrip to Flores and Cobán area, Guatemala, Yukatan region funded by ING PAN (internal project). Preliminary micropalaeontological/palynological study were conducted in collaboration with the Centro Universitario del Norte CUNOR, Guatemala.

2018: Attendance in ‘Advanced course in organic-walled dinocyst taxonomy, stratigraphy, paleoecology’, Nottingham, Great Britain, funded by ING PAN (internal project).

2016: Attendance in Summer School in Palaeoclimatology, Past Global Change Reconstruction and Modelling Techniques’ Italy, Urbino, funded by ING PAN (internal project).

2016: Nomination for Award of Prime Minister for the outstanding doctoral thesis.

2015: Honourable mention of the PhD dissertation by the Scientific Council of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

2014: Award for the best scientist publication among young scientists at Kraków Research Center funded by the ING PAN KRC.

2014: Internal award for the scientific publication in Marine and Petroleum Geology, funded by the ING PAN.

2014: Internal award for the scientific publication in Cretaceous Research journal, funded by the ING PAN.

2014: Internal award for the scientific publication in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology journal, funded by the ING PAN.

2013: Internal award for the scientific publication in Marine and Petroleum Geology journal, funded by the ING PAN.

2013: AASP - Travel Grant for 9th International Symposium on Cretaceous System, Ankara, Turkey, awarded by The Palynological Society.

2013: ING PAN Award for Young Scientists to conduct fieldwork and palynological study on Campanian and Maastrichtian sediments from Zumaia, northern Spain

2012-2013: Scientific international project awarded by The Research Council of Norway, YGGDRASIL programme. Project conducted at Bergen University, Norway.

2011: Scientific international project conducted at the Applied and Petroleum Technology company, Kjeller, Norway, awarded by Foundation for the Development of the Education System, based onco-financing from the Financial MechanismEEA and the Norwegian Financial Mechanism.

2011: Training on palynological techniques at the Laboratory of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands, funded by ING PAN (internal project).

2011: Award in literary and art competition organized by Foundation for the Development of the Education System, based onco-financing from the Financial MechanismEEA and the Norwegian Financial Mechanism.

2011: Attendance in ‘Cretaceous – Paleogene palaeoenvironments, tectonics and biostratigraphy of the Arctic and subarctic. Workshop to discuss recent advances and future directions’. Tromsø, Norway. Funded by ING PAN (internal project).

2010-2011: Scientific project, awarded by Foundation for the Development of the Education System, based onco-financing from the Financial MechanismEEA and the Norwegian Financial Mechanism. Project conducted at Bergen University, Norway.

2010: Summer Student Internship awarded by Statoil ASA (currently Equinor ASA), Stavanger, Norway.

2009: Attendance in ‘Advanced course in Jurassic – Cretaceous - Cenozoic Organic- Walled Dinoflagellate Cysts: Morphology, Paleoecology and Stratigraphy’, funded by ING PAN (internal project), Uribno, Italy.

2004: The Erasmus Programme (EuRopean Community Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students) grant for student exchange and fieldwork, Slovakia.

2003: Attendance in palaeontological excavations in Krasiejów (near Opole) organized by the Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw.

2002: CEEPUS Mobility grant (Central European Exchange Program for University Studies) including geological fieldwork and training in eastern Alps.

 

SCIENTIFIC MANUSCRIPT REVISION FOR FOLLOWING JOURNALS:

Marine and Petroleum Geology: 3

Arabian Journal of Geosciences: 2

Cretaceous Research: 3

Palynology: 1

 

MEMBERSHIPS (former and present):

AASP – The Palynological Society

The Grzybowski Foundation

 

SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS (PEER REVIEWED PAPERS):

Radmacher W, Niezgodzki I., Tyszka J.T. Mangerud G., Pearce M.A., 2020a. Palynology vs. model simulation: oceanographic reconstruction of incomplete data from the Cretaceous Greenland–Norwegian Seaway. Newsletter on Stratigraphy, 53, 93-120. DOI: 10.1127/nos/2019/0527

Radmacher W., Uchman A., 2020b. Oxygen as a factor controlling palynological record: an example from the Cenomanian-Turonian transition in the Rybie section, Polish Carptathians. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 112. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2019.104067

Radmacher W., Kobos K., Tyszka J., Jarzynka A., Jose Arz A., 2020c. Palaeoecological and taphonomic indicators of palaeoenvironmental perturbations in the Basque-Cantabrian region during the latest Cretaceous (Zumaia,northern Spain). Marine and Petroleum Geology, 112. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2019.104107

Radmacher, W., Mangerud, G., Tyszka, J., 2015. Dinoflagellate cyst biostratigraphy of Upper Cretaceous strata from two wells in the Norwegian Sea. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 216, 18-32. DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2014.12.007

Radmacher, W., Pérez-Rodríguez, I., Arz, J.A., Pearce, M.A., 2014. Dinoflagellate biostratigraphy at the Campanian/Maastrichtian boundary in Zumaia, northern Spain. Cretaceous Research 51, 309-320. DOI: 10.1016/j.cretres.2014.07.004

Radmacher, W., Tyszka, J., Mangerud, G., Pearce, M.A., 2014. Dinoflagellate cyst biostratigraphy of the Upper Albian to Lower Maastrichtian in the southwestern Barents Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology 57, 109-121. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2014.04.008

Radmacher, W., Tyszka, J., Mangerud, G., 2014. Distribution and biostratigraphical significance of Heterosphaeridium bellii sp. nov. and other Late Cretaceous dinoflagellate cysts from the southwestern Barents Sea. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 201, 29-40. DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2013.10.003

Razmjooei, M. J., Thibault, N., Kani, A., Dinarès-Turell, J., Pucéat, E., Shahriari, S., Radmacher, W., Jamali, A., M., Ullmann, C., Voigt, S., Cocquerez, T., 2018. Integrated bio-and carbon-isotope stratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous Gurpi Formation (Iran): A new reference for the eastern Tethys and its implications for large-scale correlation of stage boundaries. Cretaceous Research, 91, 312-340. DOI: 10.1016/j.cretres.2018.07.002

Setoyama, E., Radmacher, W., Kaminski, M.A., Tyszka, J., 2013. Foraminiferal and palynological biostratigraphy and biofacies from a Santonian-Campanian submarine fan system in the Vøring Basin (offshore Norway). Marine and Petroleum Geology 43, 396-408. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2012.12.007

Conference abstracts:

Radmacher W., Head M, J., Singh V., 2020. Paleoceanographic implications during the Last Interglacial at high northern latitudes. Zmiany klimatyczne w przeszłości geologicznej Warsaw, Poland, 9-11 December 2020.

Radmacher W., Tyszka J., Niezgodzki I., Mangerud G., 2017. Latest Cretaceous winter sea-ice in the Arctic? The 50th Annual Meeting of AASP – The Palynological Society, Notthingam, UK, 3-7 September, 2017.

Radmacher W., Tyszka J., Niezgodzki I., Mangerud G., Pearce, M. A., 2017. Late Cretaceous climate change in the sub-Arctic region recorded by dinoflagellate cysts. 10th International Symposium on the Cretaceous System, Vienna, Austria, 21-26 August, 2017. Berichte der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 219.

Niezgodzki, I. Knorr, G., Lohmann, G., Tyszka, J., Radmacher, W., 2017. Late Cretaceous climate with different gateway configurations and CO2 concentrations as simulated by the Earth System Model. Implications for the Arctic region. 10th International Symposium on the Cretaceous System, Vienna, Austria, 21-26 August, 2017. Berichte der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 120: 196.

Radmacher W., Tyszka J., Niezgodzki I., Mangerud G., Pearce, M. A., 2017. Organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts as indicator of sea-surface salinity and productivity fluctuations in the subpolar Late Cretaceous Greenland-Norwegian Seaway. 11th International Conference on Modern and Fossil Dinoflagellates, Brodeaux, France, 17-21 July, 2017. Program and abstract volume: 70.

Radmacher W., Niezgodzki I., Setoyama E., Tyszka J., Mangerud G., Kaminski M., Knorr G., Lohmann G. 2017. Freshwater forcing on the greenhouse Arctic climate in the Late Cretaceous: Implications from proxies and model simulation, European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2017, Vienna, Austria, 23-28 April, 2017.

Radmacher W., Niezgodzki I., Setoyama E., Tyszka J., Mangerud G., Kaminski M., Knorr G., Lohmann G. 2017. Dinoflagellate cyst biostratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous succession in the sub-Arctic region, European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2017, Vienna, Austria, 23-28 April, 2017.

Radmacher W., Setoyama E., Tyszka J., Mangerud G., Kaminski M. A. 2013. A Late Cretaceous biostratigraphical and palaeoenvironmental study of the Norwegian Sea and Barents Sea area - application of dinoflagellate cysts and foraminifera, 9-th International Symposium on the Cretaceous System, Ankara, Turkey, 1-5 September, 2013. Biostratigraphy, algae and benthic foraminifera: 9-10.

Setoyama E., Radmacher W., Kaminski M. A., Tyszka J. 2013. Foraminiferal biofacies from a Late Cretaceous fan system in the Vøring Basin, offshore Norway. In: Holcová, K. (ed.) The Micropalaeontological Society Foraminifera and Nannofossil Groups Spring Meeting 2013, Prague, Czech Republic, 19th-22nd June, 2013. The micropalaeontological record of global change: from epicontinental seas to open ocean: 34-35.

Setoyama E., Radmacher W., Tyszka J., Kaminski M. A. 2011. Integrated foraminiferal and dinocyst biostratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous in the southwestern Barents Sea and palaeoenvironmental implications. Applications of biostratigraphy to the Norwegian Continental Shelf. Stavanger, Norway, 8 December, 2011: 15.

Radmacher W. 2010. Taxonomy and biostratigraphy of Late Cretaceous and Paleocene dinocysts from three wells in the southwestern Barents Sea - preliminary results. The 4th Joint Meeting of the Silicofossil and Palynology groups of The Micropalaeontological Society. Tromsø, Norway, 31st February - 1st March, 2010: 10-41.

Radmacher W., Tyszka J. 2009. Taxonomy, biostratigraphy and palaeoenvironmental implications of Late Cretaceous Dinoflagellate cysts from the southwestern Barents Sea - preliminary observations. Mikro-2009. 7-th Micropalaeontological workshop. Abstracts and Excursion Guide. Św. Katarzyna, Poland, 28-30 September: 15, Grzybowski Foundation Special Publication nr 15: 42.

 

VOLUNTARY WORK AND OTHER EXPERIENCES: In years 2005 and 2007 I spent time on tiny Isle of Iona (west Scotland) as a Voluntary Counseling Assistant. My primary duties were to provide a therapeutic environment for individuals with a range of personal difficulties such as isolation, bereavement and drug addiction. For this activity I was awarded by certificate of work as a volunteer for the Iona Community organization - Iona Island, Scotland. Later, in Poland and during my longer-term stays abroad, I gathered various experiences related to social and medical care: disabled person care certificate and first aid certificate - Irish Wheelchair Association, Republic of Ireland; first aid course - Maltese Health Service.

LANGUAGE SKILLS: English (Advanced), Czech (Intermediate), Spanish (Intermediate), German (basic), Russian (basic)

PERSONAL INTERESTS: Social psychology and foreign languages, exotic cultures, music, photography, craftwork, horse riding