6th Annual Conference of SEPM-CES, SEDIMENT 2009
Kraków 24-25 VI 2009
Pre-Conference

Pre-Conference Field Trip  A1. 21-23 VI  [cancelled]
CENOZOIC FRESHWATER CARBONATES IN NORTHERN SLOVAKIA - ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROLS OF THEIR ORIGIN

Main leader: Michał Gradziński

Fee:  270 € 

Departure from Kraków 8 a.m., arrival at Kraków before 5 p.m.

During the field trip, the factors controlling the growth of Pleistocene and modern travertines will be discussed. The antiquity of the famous Demänova cave system and chemistry of its different water types will be presented as well.

The aspects of travertine growth will be demonstrated in many examples from Spiš and Liptov regions (northern Slovakia). The nature of the travertine-depositing solutions and evolution of water chemistry will be considered in terms of the climatic conditions and geological, geomorphological and tectonic controls. The changes of the travertine depositional environment resulting in lateral facies changes will be also dealt with.

The development of the multi storey cave system will be another topic of the filed trip. The history of the lowermost cave storey in will be reconstructed on the basis of U-series age of speleothems. The chemistry of different water types - dripping water, water from the cave pools and underground streams will be commented too.

Itinerary:
Kraków - Jurgów (Polish/Slovak border) - Ružbachy - Sivá brada - Dreveník - Levoča - Liptovský Mikuláš - Demänová Valley - Demänová cave of liberty - Liptovský Mikuláš - Bešeňová - Lúčky - Chyżne (Slovak/Polish border) - Kraków

Presented points:

Ružbachy - modern travertines which develop in the discharge zone of deep-circulation water. Facies differentiation of travertines, their depositional environments and morphological forms (crater, cascade, stream). Origin of feeding water.

Sivá brada - active travertine cascade, growth of modern calcite rafts, morphology of travertine mound, cold geyser spring.

Dreveník - anatomy of Cenozoic travertine mound in an abandoned quarry. Slope facies of travertine. Significance of synsedimentary breccia.

Demänovská Slobody cave - spatial relation of speleothems with cave clastics, corrosional morphology, speleothems age, origin and age of cave system, different types of water and their chemistry.

Bešeňová - morphology of Holocene travertine cascade, evolution of feeding water, origin of travertine.

Lúčky - active travertine cascade, influence of microorganisms on travertine growth, mixing of different types of feeding water; abandoned quarry of Pleistocene travertine, stromatolites, phytoclastic travertine.



Participants are asked to have: permission to enter Slovakia (Schengen visa is necessary for non EU citizens), standard field equipment, proper clothes (cave interior temperature is around 6,5 °C). The outcrops are easily accessible. The lamps are not compulsory - we will go along the tourist path in a cave - however they may be useful.

Travertine crater in spa of Ružbachy
Medieval castle - Spišski hrad perched on a travertine mound
Presently growing calcite rafts, Sivá brada Abandoned travertine Dreveník quarry, general view
Synsedimentary travertine brecccia, Dreveník quarry Speleothems in Demänovská Slobody cave
Pleistocene and Holocene clastics and flowstone floors, Prízemie passage, Demänovská Slobody cave,
isotopic age of flowstones is indicated
Dripping water in Demänovská Slobody cave Travertine cascade, Bešeňová
Active travertine waterfall, Lúčky spa
Pleistocene travertine, phytoclastic facies, Lúčky spa Pleistocene travertine, stromatolites, Lúčky spa